Title IX and Campus SaVE Act Awareness – Shorter University


























About Victims

  • 44% of victims are under age 18
  • 80% are under age 30

Sexual Assault Numbers

  • Every 2 minutes, another American is sexually assaulted
  • There is an average of 237,868 victims (age 12 or older) of sexual assault each year

Reporting to Police

  • 60% of sexual assaults are not reported to the police
  • 97% of rapists will never spend a day in jail

About Rapists

  • Approximately 2/3 of assaults are committed by someone known to the victim
  • 38% of rapists are a friend or acquaintance

Sexual Assault Awareness materials from:

Rape, abuse & Incest national network





Sexual Assault and Alcohol

Pathways Through Which Alcohol Contributes to Sexual Assault

Theoretical explanations of sexual assault and of alcohol’s role in sexual assault consider both distal and proximal influences. Distal factors are influences that are temporally far removed from the assault; in contrast, proximal factors are influences that are temporally close to the assault. Distal predictors of sexual assault include personality characteristics, attitudes, and general life experiences of both the perpetrator and the victim. When examining alcohol as a distal factor, researchers focus on the relationship between the perpetrator’s and the victim’s long-term alcohol consumption patterns (e.g., regular heavy drinking) and sexual assault history as well as on beliefs about alcohol’s effects (i.e., expectancies) that may encourage alcohol-involved sexual assault.

Proximal models of sexual assault focus on characteristics of the specific situations in which sexual assault occurs, such as whether alcohol consumption occurs, whether the setting is in an isolated area, and what the relationship is between the perpetrator and the victim. This section discusses both of these approaches (also see table).


  Perpetrators   Victims
Distal Factors General, heavy alcohol consumption General, heavy alcohol consumption
Alcohol expectancies about sex, aggression, and disinhibition Childhood sexual abuse
Stereotypes about drinking women being sexually available and appropriate targets
Situational Factors  Heavy drinkers spend time in bars and at parties Heavy drinkers spend time in bars and at parties
Drinking is used as an excuse for socially unacceptable behavior Alcohol’s cognitive impairments reduce ability to evaluate risk
Alcohol’s cognitive impairments enhance misperception of the woman’s friendly cues as sexual Alcohol’s motor impairments reduce ability to resist effectively
Alcohol’s cognitive impairments facilitate an aggressive response if the man feels he has been “led on”


*Perpetrators are not always men!

Sexual Assault Awareness and Alcohol Disposition materials from:

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism